文章摘要
杨正勇,张新铮.上海地区池塘养殖户生态补偿参与意愿影响因素研究[J].上海海洋大学学报,2015,24(3):472-480
上海地区池塘养殖户生态补偿参与意愿影响因素研究
Factors of fish farmers' willingness to participate in ecological payment-a case study of pond aquaculture in Shanghai
投稿时间:2014-12-27  修订日期:2015-04-01
DOI:
中文关键词: 生态补偿  池塘养殖  意愿  有序Logit
英文关键词: ecological payment  pond aquaculture  willingness  ordinal Logit model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(70973075);国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项基金(CARS-50-G11);上海地方高校大文科研究生学术新人培育计划(B1-5201-13-0000-26)
作者单位
杨正勇 上海海洋大学 经济管理学院, 上海 210306 
张新铮 上海海洋大学 经济管理学院, 上海 210306 
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中文摘要:
      对上海青浦、嘉定、奉贤及南汇4区127户池塘养殖户的生态补偿参与意愿及影响因素进行调查,并采用有序Logit回归模型进行分析。结果显示:(1)88.98%的池塘养殖户愿意参与生态补偿;(2)参与意愿受到受教育程度、养殖池塘面积、水产品价值量、家庭固定资产、家庭人均年收入、对周围人的信任程度及所在村中亲戚数量的正向影响;受耕地面积、获得贷款机会、家中有政府工作人员、参加协会合作社的负向影响;(3)参补意愿与人力资本、物质资本、金融资本及社会资本正相关,回归系数为2.448、0.956、3.111、2.970,发生比为11.565、2.601、22.443、19.492;受自然资本负向影响,回归系数为-0.861,发生比为0.423;由此提出进行养殖户培训、完善渔业保险与社会信用体系、转型提升传统养殖业等提高生计资本水平,提高上海水产养殖户生态补偿参与意愿等建议。
英文摘要:
      As one of effective means to balance ecological and economic development, ecological payment has attracted wide attention of scholars, but few studies in this field have been conducted from such microeconomic perspectives as farmers' (fish farmers') property and willingness to participation. On the basis of data from field survey in Qingpu, Jiading, Fengxian and Nanhui Districts in Shanghai, 127 pond farmers’ willingness to participate in ecological payment and their influencing factors were analyzed by ordinal Logit regression model. The results show that : (1) 88.98% of the pond farmers are willing to participate in ecologically payment; (2) Willingness to participate is positively impacted by educational level, breeding pond areas, aquatic produce value, household assets, household per capita income, degree of trust among persons around them and the number of relatives in the village; this willingness is negatively affected by such factors as household arable land areas,the opportunity to get loan, family member working in government or not, joining in cooperative associations or not; (3) Willingness to participate in this arrangement is positively correlated with human capital, physical capital, financial capital, and social capital,and regression coefficients between them are 2.677, 1.153, 2.635, 2.766 respectively, occurrence ratio (Expβ) are 14.514, 3.168, 13.943, 15.895 respectively; it is negatively affected by natural capital, the regression coefficient is -0.602, and occurrence ratio is 0.548.According to these results, it is proposed to conduct training of farmers, improve fisheries insurance and social credit system, upgrade traditional industries to improve the livelihoods capital levels of farmers so as to increase the level of willingness to participate in aquaculture eco-payment in Shanghai.
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