文章摘要
黄硕琳.专属经济区制度对我国海洋渔业的影响[J].上海海洋大学学报,1996,(3):182-188
专属经济区制度对我国海洋渔业的影响
THE IMPACTS OF THE REGIME OF EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE ON CHINESE MARINE FISHERIES
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 专属经济区 海洋渔业 管理 渔业资源
英文关键词: exclusive economic zone, marine fishery, management, fishery resources,
基金项目:
黄硕琳
上海水产大学!200090
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中文摘要:
      本文分析了专属经济区制度的有关规定,归纳了世界各各国建立专属经济区的实践,指今后渔业管理将朝着有利于沿海国管理,不利于捕鱼国发展远洋渔业的发展,文章根据我国近海渔业和远洋渔业发展的实际状况。分析了由于周边国家和其他国家建立专属经济对我国海洋渔业生产的影响,提出为了适应专属经济区制度,我国渔业管理应该注意的几个方面:(1)加强科学研究;(2)加强对外国渔船的管理;93)加强邻国在一管理方面的合作;9
英文摘要:
      On May 15, 1996, the Standing Committee of the People's Congress of P.R. China decided to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and declared that China has sovereign rights and jurisdiction in 200 miles exclusive economic zone and over continental shelf under the Convention. It means that China will establish exclusive economic zone in the near future and that China will not only exercise sovereign rights and jurisdiction therein, but also fulfill obligations and duties required ty the Convention. Based on analysing the provisions of the regime of the exclusive economic zone, and summing up the practice of most coastal states in establishing exclusive economic zones, it is concluded that fisheries management system will be developed towards the direction of beneficial to the coastal state and that the terms and conditions of access to fishery resources in exclusive economic zone will be as high as possible so as to produce maximum benefit to the coastal state. In the light of current movement as to neibouring states in establishing their exclusive economic zones, the impacts on implementing the regime of exclusive economic zone on Chinese fisheries are discussed. In order to fulfill obligation and duties imposed by the Convention, some suggestions with regard to fisheries management are made: (1)strengthening scientific research and investigation on fishery resources; (2)tightening up the control of foreign fishing vessels; (3) enhancing the cooperation with neibouring states; (4 ) improving management system for distant-water fishing.
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