文章摘要
王道尊,赵亮.一龄草鱼对锰的需要量[J].上海海洋大学学报,1994,(Z1):
一龄草鱼对锰的需要量
REQUIREMENT OF THE FINGERLING GRASS CARP (CTENOPHARYNGODON IDELLUS) FOR MANGANESE
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 鱼种,草鱼,锰,饲料
英文关键词: fingerling,grass carp,manganese, feeds
基金项目:
王道尊  赵亮
上海水产大学水产养殖系!200090
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中文摘要:
      饲料中锰未添加组的草鱼生长和饲料效率降低,畸形率增加,随着饲料中锰含量的增加,椎骨中锰含量也逐渐增加。当饲料中锰添加量到15mg/kg饲料以上时,椎骨锰含量达到最大并趋于相对稳定。锰未添加组草鱼的比肝重,肝脂量明显高于锰添加组,锰未添加组血浆中破性磷酸酶活性比锰添加组高,而草鱼血浆中红细胞,血红蛋白;红细胞压积,红细胞体积,红细胞平均血红蛋白量,红细胞平均血红蛋白浓度,血浆总蛋白,血浆葡萄糖等,不受饲料中锰含量的影响。综合本试验结果,草鱼时饲料中锰的最适需要量为15mg/kg饲料为宜。
英文摘要:
      The growth rate of fingerling grass carp fed on diet without manganese (Mn) was poor. Also, the rate of occurence of dwarf - fish was high, while the Mn content of vertebrae was low in the fish fed on diet without Mn content. The Mn content of vertebrae increased and reached a plateau in the fish fed on a diet containing supplementary Mn at a level of more than 15 mg kg-1 The percentage of liver weight, liver lipid content and the activity of plasma alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of the fish fed diet without Mn content were higher than those of the fish fed with Mn supplemented diets. Eight hematological characteristics (RBC, Hb, Ht, MCV, MCH, MCHC, PTP and PGC) were not affected by the Mn - containing diet- The optimal demand for Mn in a diet was about 15 mg kg-1 for fingerling grass carp.
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