文章摘要
袁新程,谢永德,刘永士,邓平平,徐嘉波,施永海,税春.两种养殖密度对刀鲚当年鱼种生长性能、消化及非特异性免疫能力的影响[J].上海海洋大学学报,2021,30(2):222-230
两种养殖密度对刀鲚当年鱼种生长性能、消化及非特异性免疫能力的影响
Effects of two stocking densities on growth performance, digestion and non-specific immunity of the current year Coilia nasus
投稿时间:2020-03-30  修订日期:2020-06-21
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20200302977
中文关键词: 刀鲚  养殖密度  生长性能  消化酶  非特异性免疫酶
英文关键词: Coilia nasus  stocking density  growth performance  digestive enzyme  nonspecific immunity enzyme
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会重点科技攻关项目(17391900300);上海长江口主要经济水生动物人工繁育工程技术研究中心项目(13DZ2251800)
作者单位E-mail
袁新程 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
谢永德 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
刘永士 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
邓平平 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
徐嘉波 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
施永海 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433 yonghais@163.com 
税春 上海市水产研究所, 上海市水产技术推广站, 上海 200433  
摘要点击次数: 157
全文下载次数: 114
中文摘要:
      为研究中、高养殖密度对刀鲚(Collia nasus)当年鱼种生长、存活、消化及非特异性免疫能力的影响,本实验采用池塘培育方式,以同批次人工繁育的刀鲚当年鱼种为研究对象,进行为期96 d的养殖实验。结果显示:中密度养殖塘(62#,6尾/m2)刀鲚的体长和体质量增长速度均显著大于高密度养殖塘(56#,11尾/m2),其中62#塘刀鲚的体长相对增长率是56#塘的3.4倍,体质量相对增长率是56#塘的6.5倍;肥满度和存活率均大于56#塘,分别为0.290 g/cm3、83.5%和0.278 g/cm3、79.7%。养殖期间,62#塘淀粉酶(AMS)活性均显著大于56#塘,并随养殖时间呈先升高后降低的趋势;而胰蛋白酶(TPS)活性表现出先降低后升高的变化,除养殖中期时与56#塘无显著差异外,其他时间均显著大于56#塘。62#塘胃蛋白酶(PPS)活性在养殖前中期均明显大于56#塘,之后降低至显著低于56#塘,而56#塘PPS活性随时间无显著变化。62#塘脂肪酶(LPS)活性随养殖时间逐渐升高,至养殖中期时与56#塘无显著差异,其他时间均显著小于56#塘。两塘间的超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)活性均无明显差异,但随养殖时间逐渐降低。62#塘谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(GSH-PX)和过氧化氢酶(CAT)活性随养殖进行均显著大于56#塘,其中CAT活性随养殖时间显著升高,GSH-PX活性无明显变化;56#塘的CAT活性呈先升后降趋势,而GSH-PX活性随养殖时间而逐渐降低。因此,在本实验条件下,高密度对刀鲚幼鱼的生长速度、消化能力和免疫系统产生一定的负面影响,而中密度养殖塘刀鲚鱼种的生长、消化及免疫性能均优于高密度,更适合刀鲚鱼种的培育和规模化养殖。
英文摘要:
      The experiment was conducted to study the effects of medium and high aquaculture density on the growth, survival, digestion and non-specific immunity of the current year Coilia nasus. A 96 days aquaculture experiment was conducted in the same batch of artificially bred Coilia nasus using pond culture methods. The results showed that the growth rate of body length and body mass in medium density pond (62#, 6 ind./m2) was significantly higher than that in high density pond (56#, 11 ind./m2), in which the relative growth rate of body length was 3.4 times than that in 56# pond, the relative body mass growth rate was 6.5 times than that in 56# pond. The faness and survival rate were also greater than those of 56# pond (0.290 g/cm3 and 83.5%, 0.278 g/cm3 and 79.7%, respectively). During the aquaculture period, the amylase (AMS) activity in 62# pond was significantly higher than that in 56# pond and showed a trend of increased first and then decreased with the aquaculture time, while the Trypsin (TPS) activity showed a change of decreased first and then increased. Except that there was no significant difference between 62# pond and 56# pond in middle stages of aquaculture, the other time was significantly greater than 56# pond. The pepsin (PPS) activity in 62# pond was significantly higher than that in 56# pond and then gradually decreased to significantly lower than in 56# pond, while PPS activity in 56# pond did not change significantly change with time. The lipase (LPS) activity in 62# pond increased gradually with culture time, and was not significant different from that in 56# pond in middle stage, and was significantly smaller than that in 56# pond at other times. There was no significant difference in the activity of superoxide (SOD) between two ponds, but it decreased gradually with the time of aquaculture. The activity of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) in 62# pond was significantly higher than those in 56# pond. The CAT activity increased significantly with the aquaculture time, and GSH-PX activity did not change significantly. The CAT activity in 56# pond showed a trend of increased first and then decreased, while GSH-PX activity gradually decreased with aquaculture time. Therefore, under the experimental conditions, high-density aquaculture has a certain negative impact on the growth rate, digestive ability and immune system of juvenile Coilia nasus, while the growth, digestion and immunity of Coilia nasus cultured at medium density are superior to those at high density, which is more suitable for the cultivation and large-scale aquaculture of Coilia nasus.
HTML 查看全文     下载PDF阅读器
关闭